The Paris Agreement Signatories

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The Paris Agreement Signatories: A Comprehensive Overview

The Paris Agreement, signed in 2015, is a landmark global agreement on climate change. It aims to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius and pursue efforts to limit warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius. This agreement was signed by 196 countries, including the United States, China, India, and much of Europe. Here is a comprehensive overview of the Paris Agreement signatories.

United States

The United States, under the Obama administration, played a critical role in negotiations leading to the Paris Agreement. However, in 2017, the Trump administration announced its intention to withdraw from the agreement. The withdrawal became effective on November 4, 2020, making the US the only country to have withdrawn from the Paris Agreement.


China is the world’s largest emitter of greenhouse gases. In recent years, the country has taken significant steps to reduce its emissions. In 2019, China announced its intention to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060. The country’s commitment to the Paris Agreement is seen as a crucial step towards achieving this goal.


India is the world’s third-largest emitter of greenhouse gases, after China and the United States. In 2015, India pledged to reduce the intensity of its emissions by 33-35% by 2030 compared to 2005 levels. The country has also announced plans to generate 40% of its electricity from renewable sources by 2030.

European Union

The European Union (EU) is a bloc of 27 independent countries in Europe. The EU played a pivotal role in the negotiations leading to the Paris Agreement. In 2020, the EU announced its intention to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels.

Other Signatories

Other signatories to the Paris Agreement include:

– Japan: The country pledged to cut its emissions by 26% below 2013 levels by 2030.

– Brazil: The country committed to reducing its greenhouse gas emissions by 37% below 2005 levels by 2025.

– Russia: The country pledged to reduce its emissions by 25-30% below 1990 levels by 2030.

– Canada: The country committed to reducing its greenhouse gas emissions by 30% below 2005 levels by 2030.


The Paris Agreement is a crucial step towards addressing the global challenge of climate change. The signatories to the agreement include some of the world’s largest emitters of greenhouse gases. While some countries have made significant progress towards meeting their commitments, much more needs to be done to limit global warming and protect our planet.

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